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RabbitMQ安装

源码安装

RabbitMQ是由Erlang语言开发,所以需要先安装Erlang环境

新版本的RabbitMQ都需要在Github下载(有科学上网会快一点),网址https://github.com/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-server/releases

安装Erlang

安装依赖

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yum -y install gcc glibc-devel make ncurses-devel openssl-devel xmlto

下载安装,地址:http://www.erlang.org/downloads,选择版本下载。

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wget http://erlang.org/download/otp_src_21.3.tar.gz

解压编译安装

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#解压
tar -zxf otp_src_21.3.tar.gz
#配置安装路径编译代码
cd otp_src_21.3/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/erlang --without-javac
make && make install

配置环境变量

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vi /etc/profile
#添加下面的配置
#set erlang environment
ERLANG_HOME=/usr/local/erlang
PATH=${PATH}:${ERLANG_HOME}/bin
#使配置文件生效
source /etc/profile

测试

测试erlang是否安装成功,执行erl进行简单计算测试

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# erl

Erlang/OTP 21 [erts-10.3] [source] [64-bit] [smp:2:2] [ds:2:2:10] [async-threads:1] [hipe]

Eshell V10.3 (abort with ^G)
1> 1+2.
3
2> halt().

安装RabbitMQ

RabbitMQ下载安装

下载

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#二进制包
wget https://github.com/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-server/releases/download/v3.7.14/rabbitmq-server-generic-unix-3.7.14.tar.xz

解压

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tar -xf rabbitmq-server-generic-unix-3.7.14.tar.xz
mv rabbitmq_server-3.7.14 /usr/local/rabbitmq

配置环境变量

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vi /etc/profile
#添加以下配置
#set rabbitmq environment
RABBIT_HOME=/usr/local/rabbitmq
PATH=${PATH}:${RABBIT_HOME}/sbin
#使得文件生效
source /etc/profile

创建用户

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groupadd --system rabbitmq
useradd --system -g rabbitmq -d /usr/lib/rabbitmq -s /sbin/nologin -c "rabbitmq server" rabbitmq
chown -R rabbitmq.rabbitmq /usr/local/rabbitmq

添加服务

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vi /usr/lib/systemd/system/rabbitmq-server.service
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[Unit]
Description=RabbitMQ broker
After=syslog.target network.target

[Service]
Type=notify
User=rabbitmq
Group=rabbitmq
WorkingDirectory=/usr/local/rabbitmq
ExecStart=/usr/local/rabbitmq/bin/rabbitmq-server
ExecStop=/usr/local/rabbitmq/bin/rabbitmqctl stop

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

启动服务

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systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl start mysql.service

启动服务

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rabbitmq-server -detached

查看服务状态

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rabbitmqctl status

显示如下信息,说明已经启动

停止RabbitMQ

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rabbitmqctl stop

开启网页管理界面

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rabbitmq-plugins enable rabbitmq_management

添加用户

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rabbitmqctl add_user test test

设置为管理员

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rabbitmqctl set_user_tags test administrator

给用户test在test_host分配所有权限

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rabbitmqctl set_permissions -p test_host test ".*" ".*" ".*"

移除用户test在分配的所有权限

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rabbitmqctl clear_permissions -p / test

yum安装

安装Erlang

安装依赖

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yum -y install gcc glibc-devel make ncurses-devel openssl-devel xmlto

添加yum源

在网站查看需要的yum源,https://github.com/rabbitmq/erlang-rpm

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vi /etc/yum.repos.d/rabbitmq_erlang.repo

#添加Erlang 21.x yum源(适用于centos7)

[rabbitmq-erlang]
name=rabbitmq-erlang
baseurl=https://dl.bintray.com/rabbitmq-erlang/rpm/erlang/21/el/7
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://dl.bintray.com/rabbitmq/Keys/rabbitmq-release-signing-key.asc
repo_gpgcheck=0
enabled=1

清楚yum缓存

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yum clean all
yum makecache

安装Erlang

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yum install erlang

安装RabbitMQ

下载

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wget https://github.com/rabbitmq/rabbitmq-server/releases/download/v3.7.14/rabbitmq-server-3.7.14-1.el7.noarch.rpm

输入秘钥

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rpm --import https://www.rabbitmq.com/rabbitmq-release-signing-key.asc

安装

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yum install rabbitmq-server-3.7.14-1.el7.noarch.rpm

启动

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systemctl start rabbitmq-server.service

查看状态

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systemctl status rabbitmq-server.service

开启网页管理界面

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rabbitmq-plugins enable rabbitmq_management
systemctl restart rabbitmq-server.service
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