client-go的使用及源码分析

Kubernetes官方从2016年8月份开始,将Kubernetes资源操作相关的核心源码抽取出来,独立出来一个项目Client-go,作为官方提供的Go client。Kubernetes的部分代码也是基于这个client实现的,所以对这个client的质量、性能等方面还是非常有信心的。

转载自:http://www.huweihuang.com/article/source-analysis/client-go-source-analysis/

1. client-go简介

client-go是一个调用kubernetes集群资源对象API的客户端,即通过client-go实现对kubernetes集群中资源对象(包括deployment、service、ingress、replicaSet、pod、namespace、node等)的增删改查等操作。大部分对kubernetes进行前置API封装的二次开发都通过client-go这个第三方包来实现。

client-go官方文档:https://github.com/kubernetes/client-go

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git clone https://github.com/huweihuang/client-go.git
cd client-go
#保证本地HOME目录有配置kubernetes集群的配置文件
go run client-go.go

client-go.go

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package main

import (
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"os"
	"path/filepath"
	"time"

	metav1 "k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/apis/meta/v1"
	"k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes"
	"k8s.io/client-go/tools/clientcmd"
)

func main() {
	var kubeconfig *string
	if home := homeDir(); home != "" {
		kubeconfig = flag.String("kubeconfig", filepath.Join(home, ".kube", "config"), "(optional) absolute path to the kubeconfig file")
	} else {
		kubeconfig = flag.String("kubeconfig", "", "absolute path to the kubeconfig file")
	}
	flag.Parse()
	// uses the current context in kubeconfig
	config, err := clientcmd.BuildConfigFromFlags("", *kubeconfig)
	if err != nil {
		panic(err.Error())
	}
	// creates the clientset
	clientset, err := kubernetes.NewForConfig(config)
	if err != nil {
		panic(err.Error())
	}
	for {
		pods, err := clientset.CoreV1().Pods("").List(metav1.ListOptions{})
		if err != nil {
			panic(err.Error())
		}
		fmt.Printf("There are %d pods in the cluster\n", len(pods.Items))
		time.Sleep(10 * time.Second)
	}
}

func homeDir() string {
	if h := os.Getenv("HOME"); h != "" {
		return h
	}
	return os.Getenv("USERPROFILE") // windows
}
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➜ go run client-go.go
There are 9 pods in the cluster
There are 7 pods in the cluster
There are 7 pods in the cluster
There are 7 pods in the cluster
There are 7 pods in the cluster

2. client-go源码分析

client-go源码:https://github.com/kubernetes/client-go

client-go源码目录结构

  • The kubernetes package contains the clientset to access Kubernetes API.
  • The discovery package is used to discover APIs supported by a Kubernetes API server.
  • The dynamic package contains a dynamic client that can perform generic operations on arbitrary Kubernetes API objects.
  • The transport package is used to set up auth and start a connection.
  • The tools/cache package is useful for writing controllers.
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kubeconfig = flag.String("kubeconfig", filepath.Join(home, ".kube", "config"), "(optional) absolute path to the kubeconfig file")

获取kubernetes配置文件kubeconfig的绝对路径。一般路径为$HOME/.kube/config。该文件主要用来配置本地连接的kubernetes集群。

config内容如下:

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apiVersion: v1
clusters:
- cluster:
    server: http://<kube-master-ip>:8080
  name: k8s
contexts:
- context:
    cluster: k8s
    namespace: default
    user: ""
  name: default
current-context: default
kind: Config
preferences: {}
users: []

通过参数(master的url或者kubeconfig路径)和BuildConfigFromFlags方法来获取rest.Config对象,一般是通过参数kubeconfig的路径。

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config, err := clientcmd.BuildConfigFromFlags("", *kubeconfig)

BuildConfigFromFlags函数源码

k8s.io/client-go/tools/clientcmd/client_config.go

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// BuildConfigFromFlags is a helper function that builds configs from a master
// url or a kubeconfig filepath. These are passed in as command line flags for cluster
// components. Warnings should reflect this usage. If neither masterUrl or kubeconfigPath
// are passed in we fallback to inClusterConfig. If inClusterConfig fails, we fallback
// to the default config.
func BuildConfigFromFlags(masterUrl, kubeconfigPath string) (*restclient.Config, error) {
	if kubeconfigPath == "" && masterUrl == "" {
		glog.Warningf("Neither --kubeconfig nor --master was specified.  Using the inClusterConfig.  This might not work.")
		kubeconfig, err := restclient.InClusterConfig()
		if err == nil {
			return kubeconfig, nil
		}
		glog.Warning("error creating inClusterConfig, falling back to default config: ", err)
	}
	return NewNonInteractiveDeferredLoadingClientConfig(
		&ClientConfigLoadingRules{ExplicitPath: kubeconfigPath},
		&ConfigOverrides{ClusterInfo: clientcmdapi.Cluster{Server: masterUrl}}).ClientConfig()
}

通过*rest.Config参数和NewForConfig方法来获取clientset对象,clientset是多个client的集合,每个client可能包含不同版本的方法调用。

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clientset, err := kubernetes.NewForConfig(config)

NewForConfig函数就是初始化clientset中的每个client。

k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes/clientset.go

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// NewForConfig creates a new Clientset for the given config.
func NewForConfig(c *rest.Config) (*Clientset, error) {
	configShallowCopy := *c
	...
	var cs Clientset
	cs.appsV1beta1, err = appsv1beta1.NewForConfig(&configShallowCopy)
	...
	cs.coreV1, err = corev1.NewForConfig(&configShallowCopy)
	...
}

k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes/clientset.go

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// Clientset contains the clients for groups. Each group has exactly one
// version included in a Clientset.
type Clientset struct {
	*discovery.DiscoveryClient
	admissionregistrationV1alpha1 *admissionregistrationv1alpha1.AdmissionregistrationV1alpha1Client
	appsV1beta1                   *appsv1beta1.AppsV1beta1Client
	appsV1beta2                   *appsv1beta2.AppsV1beta2Client
	authenticationV1              *authenticationv1.AuthenticationV1Client
	authenticationV1beta1         *authenticationv1beta1.AuthenticationV1beta1Client
	authorizationV1               *authorizationv1.AuthorizationV1Client
	authorizationV1beta1          *authorizationv1beta1.AuthorizationV1beta1Client
	autoscalingV1                 *autoscalingv1.AutoscalingV1Client
	autoscalingV2beta1            *autoscalingv2beta1.AutoscalingV2beta1Client
	batchV1                       *batchv1.BatchV1Client
	batchV1beta1                  *batchv1beta1.BatchV1beta1Client
	batchV2alpha1                 *batchv2alpha1.BatchV2alpha1Client
	certificatesV1beta1           *certificatesv1beta1.CertificatesV1beta1Client
	coreV1                        *corev1.CoreV1Client
	extensionsV1beta1             *extensionsv1beta1.ExtensionsV1beta1Client
	networkingV1                  *networkingv1.NetworkingV1Client
	policyV1beta1                 *policyv1beta1.PolicyV1beta1Client
	rbacV1                        *rbacv1.RbacV1Client
	rbacV1beta1                   *rbacv1beta1.RbacV1beta1Client
	rbacV1alpha1                  *rbacv1alpha1.RbacV1alpha1Client
	schedulingV1alpha1            *schedulingv1alpha1.SchedulingV1alpha1Client
	settingsV1alpha1              *settingsv1alpha1.SettingsV1alpha1Client
	storageV1beta1                *storagev1beta1.StorageV1beta1Client
	storageV1                     *storagev1.StorageV1Client
}

clientset实现了以下的Interface,因此可以通过调用以下方法获得具体的client。例如:

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pods, err := clientset.CoreV1().Pods("").List(metav1.ListOptions{})

clientset的方法集接口

k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes/clientset.go

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type Interface interface {
	Discovery() discovery.DiscoveryInterface
	AdmissionregistrationV1alpha1() admissionregistrationv1alpha1.AdmissionregistrationV1alpha1Interface
	// Deprecated: please explicitly pick a version if possible.
	Admissionregistration() admissionregistrationv1alpha1.AdmissionregistrationV1alpha1Interface
	AppsV1beta1() appsv1beta1.AppsV1beta1Interface
	AppsV1beta2() appsv1beta2.AppsV1beta2Interface
	// Deprecated: please explicitly pick a version if possible.
	Apps() appsv1beta2.AppsV1beta2Interface
	AuthenticationV1() authenticationv1.AuthenticationV1Interface
	// Deprecated: please explicitly pick a version if possible.
	Authentication() authenticationv1.AuthenticationV1Interface
	AuthenticationV1beta1() authenticationv1beta1.AuthenticationV1beta1Interface
	AuthorizationV1() authorizationv1.AuthorizationV1Interface
	// Deprecated: please explicitly pick a version if possible.
	Authorization() authorizationv1.AuthorizationV1Interface
	AuthorizationV1beta1() authorizationv1beta1.AuthorizationV1beta1Interface
	AutoscalingV1() autoscalingv1.AutoscalingV1Interface
	// Deprecated: please explicitly pick a version if possible.
	Autoscaling() autoscalingv1.AutoscalingV1Interface
	AutoscalingV2beta1() autoscalingv2beta1.AutoscalingV2beta1Interface
	BatchV1() batchv1.BatchV1Interface
	// Deprecated: please explicitly pick a version if possible.
	Batch() batchv1.BatchV1Interface
	BatchV1beta1() batchv1beta1.BatchV1beta1Interface
	BatchV2alpha1() batchv2alpha1.BatchV2alpha1Interface
	CertificatesV1beta1() certificatesv1beta1.CertificatesV1beta1Interface
	// Deprecated: please explicitly pick a version if possible.
	Certificates() certificatesv1beta1.CertificatesV1beta1Interface
	CoreV1() corev1.CoreV1Interface
	// Deprecated: please explicitly pick a version if possible.
	Core() corev1.CoreV1Interface
	ExtensionsV1beta1() extensionsv1beta1.ExtensionsV1beta1Interface
	// Deprecated: please explicitly pick a version if possible.
	Extensions() extensionsv1beta1.ExtensionsV1beta1Interface
	NetworkingV1() networkingv1.NetworkingV1Interface
	// Deprecated: please explicitly pick a version if possible.
	Networking() networkingv1.NetworkingV1Interface
	PolicyV1beta1() policyv1beta1.PolicyV1beta1Interface
	// Deprecated: please explicitly pick a version if possible.
	Policy() policyv1beta1.PolicyV1beta1Interface
	RbacV1() rbacv1.RbacV1Interface
	// Deprecated: please explicitly pick a version if possible.
	Rbac() rbacv1.RbacV1Interface
	RbacV1beta1() rbacv1beta1.RbacV1beta1Interface
	RbacV1alpha1() rbacv1alpha1.RbacV1alpha1Interface
	SchedulingV1alpha1() schedulingv1alpha1.SchedulingV1alpha1Interface
	// Deprecated: please explicitly pick a version if possible.
	Scheduling() schedulingv1alpha1.SchedulingV1alpha1Interface
	SettingsV1alpha1() settingsv1alpha1.SettingsV1alpha1Interface
	// Deprecated: please explicitly pick a version if possible.
	Settings() settingsv1alpha1.SettingsV1alpha1Interface
	StorageV1beta1() storagev1beta1.StorageV1beta1Interface
	StorageV1() storagev1.StorageV1Interface
	// Deprecated: please explicitly pick a version if possible.
	Storage() storagev1.StorageV1Interface
}

我们以clientset中的CoreV1Client为例做分析。

通过传入的配置信息rest.Config初始化CoreV1Client对象。

k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes/clientset.go

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cs.coreV1, err = corev1.NewForConfig(&configShallowCopy)

k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes/typed/core/v1/core_client.go

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// NewForConfig creates a new CoreV1Client for the given config.
func NewForConfig(c *rest.Config) (*CoreV1Client, error) {
	config := *c
	if err := setConfigDefaults(&config); err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	client, err := rest.RESTClientFor(&config)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	return &CoreV1Client{client}, nil
}

corev1.NewForConfig方法本质是调用了rest.RESTClientFor(&config)方法创建RESTClient对象,即CoreV1Client的本质就是一个RESTClient对象。

以下是CoreV1Client结构体的定义:

k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes/typed/core/v1/core_client.go

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// CoreV1Client is used to interact with features provided by the  group.
type CoreV1Client struct {
	restClient rest.Interface
}

CoreV1Client实现了CoreV1Interface的接口,即以下方法,从而对kubernetes的资源对象进行增删改查的操作。

k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes/typed/core/v1/core_client.go

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//CoreV1Client的方法
func (c *CoreV1Client) ComponentStatuses() ComponentStatusInterface {...}
//ConfigMaps
func (c *CoreV1Client) ConfigMaps(namespace string) ConfigMapInterface {...}
//Endpoints
func (c *CoreV1Client) Endpoints(namespace string) EndpointsInterface {...}
func (c *CoreV1Client) Events(namespace string) EventInterface {...}
func (c *CoreV1Client) LimitRanges(namespace string) LimitRangeInterface {...}
//Namespaces
func (c *CoreV1Client) Namespaces() NamespaceInterface {...}
//Nodes
func (c *CoreV1Client) Nodes() NodeInterface {...}
func (c *CoreV1Client) PersistentVolumes() PersistentVolumeInterface {...}
func (c *CoreV1Client) PersistentVolumeClaims(namespace string) PersistentVolumeClaimInterface {...}
//Pods
func (c *CoreV1Client) Pods(namespace string) PodInterface {...}
func (c *CoreV1Client) PodTemplates(namespace string) PodTemplateInterface {...}
//ReplicationControllers
func (c *CoreV1Client) ReplicationControllers(namespace string) ReplicationControllerInterface {...}
func (c *CoreV1Client) ResourceQuotas(namespace string) ResourceQuotaInterface {...}
func (c *CoreV1Client) Secrets(namespace string) SecretInterface {...}
//Services
func (c *CoreV1Client) Services(namespace string) ServiceInterface {...}
func (c *CoreV1Client) ServiceAccounts(namespace string) ServiceAccountInterface {...}

k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes/typed/core/v1/core_client.go

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type CoreV1Interface interface {
	RESTClient() rest.Interface
	ComponentStatusesGetter
	ConfigMapsGetter
	EndpointsGetter
	EventsGetter
	LimitRangesGetter
	NamespacesGetter
	NodesGetter
	PersistentVolumesGetter
	PersistentVolumeClaimsGetter
	PodsGetter
	PodTemplatesGetter
	ReplicationControllersGetter
	ResourceQuotasGetter
	SecretsGetter
	ServicesGetter
	ServiceAccountsGetter
}

CoreV1Interface中包含了各种kubernetes对象的调用接口,例如PodsGetter是对kubernetes中pod对象增删改查操作的接口。ServicesGetter是对service对象的操作的接口。

以下我们以PodsGetter接口为例分析CoreV1Clientpod对象的增删改查接口调用。

示例中的代码如下:

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pods, err := clientset.CoreV1().Pods("").List(metav1.ListOptions{})

CoreV1().Pods()

k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes/typed/core/v1/core_client.go

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func (c *CoreV1Client) Pods(namespace string) PodInterface {
	return newPods(c, namespace)
}

newPods()

k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes/typed/core/v1/pod.go

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// newPods returns a Pods
func newPods(c *CoreV1Client, namespace string) *pods {
	return &pods{
		client: c.RESTClient(),
		ns:     namespace,
	}
}

CoreV1().Pods()的方法实际上是调用了newPods()的方法,创建了一个pods对象,pods对象继承了rest.Interface接口,即最终的实现本质是RESTClient的HTTP调用。

k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes/typed/core/v1/pod.go

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// pods implements PodInterface
type pods struct {
	client rest.Interface
	ns     string
}

pods对象实现了PodInterface接口。PodInterface定义了pods对象的增删改查等方法。

k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes/typed/core/v1/pod.go

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// PodInterface has methods to work with Pod resources.
type PodInterface interface {
	Create(*v1.Pod) (*v1.Pod, error)
	Update(*v1.Pod) (*v1.Pod, error)
	UpdateStatus(*v1.Pod) (*v1.Pod, error)
	Delete(name string, options *meta_v1.DeleteOptions) error
	DeleteCollection(options *meta_v1.DeleteOptions, listOptions meta_v1.ListOptions) error
	Get(name string, options meta_v1.GetOptions) (*v1.Pod, error)
	List(opts meta_v1.ListOptions) (*v1.PodList, error)
	Watch(opts meta_v1.ListOptions) (watch.Interface, error)
	Patch(name string, pt types.PatchType, data []byte, subresources ...string) (result *v1.Pod, err error)
	PodExpansion
}

PodsGetter

PodsGetter继承了PodInterface的接口。

k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes/typed/core/v1/pod.go

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// PodsGetter has a method to return a PodInterface.
// A group's client should implement this interface.
type PodsGetter interface {
	Pods(namespace string) PodInterface
}

Pods().List()

pods.List()方法通过RESTClient的HTTP调用来实现对kubernetes的pod资源的获取。

k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes/typed/core/v1/pod.go

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// List takes label and field selectors, and returns the list of Pods that match those selectors.
func (c *pods) List(opts meta_v1.ListOptions) (result *v1.PodList, err error) {
	result = &v1.PodList{}
	err = c.client.Get().
		Namespace(c.ns).
		Resource("pods").
		VersionedParams(&opts, scheme.ParameterCodec).
		Do().
		Into(result)
	return
}

以上分析了clientset.CoreV1().Pods("").List(metav1.ListOptions{})对pod资源获取的过程,最终是调用RESTClient的方法实现。

以下分析RESTClient的创建过程及作用。

RESTClient对象的创建同样是依赖传入的config信息。

k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes/typed/core/v1/core_client.go

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client, err := rest.RESTClientFor(&config)

k8s.io/client-go/rest/config.go

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// RESTClientFor returns a RESTClient that satisfies the requested attributes on a client Config
// object. Note that a RESTClient may require fields that are optional when initializing a Client.
// A RESTClient created by this method is generic - it expects to operate on an API that follows
// the Kubernetes conventions, but may not be the Kubernetes API.
func RESTClientFor(config *Config) (*RESTClient, error) {
	...
	qps := config.QPS
	...
	burst := config.Burst
	...
	baseURL, versionedAPIPath, err := defaultServerUrlFor(config)
	...
	transport, err := TransportFor(config)
	...
	var httpClient *http.Client
	if transport != http.DefaultTransport {
		httpClient = &http.Client{Transport: transport}
		if config.Timeout > 0 {
			httpClient.Timeout = config.Timeout
		}
	}

	return NewRESTClient(baseURL, versionedAPIPath, config.ContentConfig, qps, burst, config.RateLimiter, httpClient)
}

RESTClientFor函数调用了NewRESTClient的初始化函数。

k8s.io/client-go/rest/client.go

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// NewRESTClient creates a new RESTClient. This client performs generic REST functions
// such as Get, Put, Post, and Delete on specified paths.  Codec controls encoding and
// decoding of responses from the server.
func NewRESTClient(baseURL *url.URL, versionedAPIPath string, config ContentConfig, maxQPS float32, maxBurst int, rateLimiter flowcontrol.RateLimiter, client *http.Client) (*RESTClient, error) {
	base := *baseURL
	...
	serializers, err := createSerializers(config)
	...
	return &RESTClient{
		base:             &base,
		versionedAPIPath: versionedAPIPath,
		contentConfig:    config,
		serializers:      *serializers,
		createBackoffMgr: readExpBackoffConfig,
		Throttle:         throttle,
		Client:           client,
	}, nil
}

以下介绍RESTClient的结构体定义,RESTClient结构体中包含了http.Client,即本质上RESTClient就是一个http.Client的封装实现。

k8s.io/client-go/rest/client.go

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// RESTClient imposes common Kubernetes API conventions on a set of resource paths.
// The baseURL is expected to point to an HTTP or HTTPS path that is the parent
// of one or more resources.  The server should return a decodable API resource
// object, or an api.Status object which contains information about the reason for
// any failure.
//
// Most consumers should use client.New() to get a Kubernetes API client.
type RESTClient struct {
	// base is the root URL for all invocations of the client
	base *url.URL
	// versionedAPIPath is a path segment connecting the base URL to the resource root
	versionedAPIPath string

	// contentConfig is the information used to communicate with the server.
	contentConfig ContentConfig

	// serializers contain all serializers for underlying content type.
	serializers Serializers

	// creates BackoffManager that is passed to requests.
	createBackoffMgr func() BackoffManager

	// TODO extract this into a wrapper interface via the RESTClient interface in kubectl.
	Throttle flowcontrol.RateLimiter

	// Set specific behavior of the client.  If not set http.DefaultClient will be used.
	Client *http.Client
}

RESTClient实现了以下的接口方法:

k8s.io/client-go/rest/client.go

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// Interface captures the set of operations for generically interacting with Kubernetes REST apis.
type Interface interface {
	GetRateLimiter() flowcontrol.RateLimiter
	Verb(verb string) *Request
	Post() *Request
	Put() *Request
	Patch(pt types.PatchType) *Request
	Get() *Request
	Delete() *Request
	APIVersion() schema.GroupVersion
}

在调用HTTP方法(Post(),Put(),Get(),Delete() )时,实际上调用了Verb(verb string)函数。

k8s.io/client-go/rest/client.go

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// Verb begins a request with a verb (GET, POST, PUT, DELETE).
//
// Example usage of RESTClient's request building interface:
// c, err := NewRESTClient(...)
// if err != nil { ... }
// resp, err := c.Verb("GET").
//  Path("pods").
//  SelectorParam("labels", "area=staging").
//  Timeout(10*time.Second).
//  Do()
// if err != nil { ... }
// list, ok := resp.(*api.PodList)
//
func (c *RESTClient) Verb(verb string) *Request {
	backoff := c.createBackoffMgr()

	if c.Client == nil {
		return NewRequest(nil, verb, c.base, c.versionedAPIPath, c.contentConfig, c.serializers, backoff, c.Throttle)
	}
	return NewRequest(c.Client, verb, c.base, c.versionedAPIPath, c.contentConfig, c.serializers, backoff, c.Throttle)
}

Verb函数调用了NewRequest方法,最后调用Do()方法实现一个HTTP请求获取Result。

client-go对kubernetes资源对象的调用,需要先获取kubernetes的配置信息,即$HOME/.kube/config

整个调用的过程如下:

kubeconfig→rest.config→clientset→具体的client(CoreV1Client)→具体的资源对象(pod)→RESTClient→http.Client→HTTP请求的发送及响应

通过clientset中不同的client和client中不同资源对象的方法实现对kubernetes中资源对象的增删改查等操作,常用的client有CoreV1ClientAppsV1beta1ClientExtensionsV1beta1Client等。

3. client-go对k8s资源的调用

创建clientset

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//获取kubeconfig
kubeconfig = flag.String("kubeconfig", filepath.Join(home, ".kube", "config"), "(optional) absolute path to the kubeconfig file")
//创建config	
config, err := clientcmd.BuildConfigFromFlags("", *kubeconfig)
//创建clientset
clientset, err := kubernetes.NewForConfig(config)
//具体的资源调用见以下例子
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//声明deployment对象
var deployment *v1beta1.Deployment
//构造deployment对象
//创建deployment
deployment, err := clientset.AppsV1beta1().Deployments(<namespace>).Create(<deployment>)
//更新deployment
deployment, err := clientset.AppsV1beta1().Deployments(<namespace>).Update(<deployment>)
//删除deployment
err := clientset.AppsV1beta1().Deployments(<namespace>).Delete(<deployment.Name>, &meta_v1.DeleteOptions{})
//查询deployment
deployment, err := clientset.AppsV1beta1().Deployments(<namespace>).Get(<deployment.Name>, meta_v1.GetOptions{})
//列出deployment
deploymentList, err := clientset.AppsV1beta1().Deployments(<namespace>).List(&meta_v1.ListOptions{})
//watch deployment
watchInterface, err := clientset.AppsV1beta1().Deployments(<namespace>).Watch(&meta_v1.ListOptions{})
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//声明service对象
var service *v1.Service
//构造service对象
//创建service
service, err := clientset.CoreV1().Services(<namespace>).Create(<service>)
//更新service
service, err := clientset.CoreV1().Services(<namespace>).Update(<service>)
//删除service
err := clientset.CoreV1().Services(<namespace>).Delete(<service.Name>, &meta_v1.DeleteOptions{})
//查询service
service, err := clientset.CoreV1().Services(<namespace>).Get(<service.Name>, meta_v1.GetOptions{})
//列出service
serviceList, err := clientset.CoreV1().Services(<namespace>).List(&meta_v1.ListOptions{})
//watch service
watchInterface, err := clientset.CoreV1().Services(<namespace>).Watch(&meta_v1.ListOptions{})
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//声明ingress对象
var ingress *v1beta1.Ingress
//构造ingress对象
//创建ingress
ingress, err := clientset.ExtensionsV1beta1().Ingresses(<namespace>).Create(<ingress>)
//更新ingress
ingress, err := clientset.ExtensionsV1beta1().Ingresses(<namespace>).Update(<ingress>)
//删除ingress
err := clientset.ExtensionsV1beta1().Ingresses(<namespace>).Delete(<ingress.Name>, &meta_v1.DeleteOptions{})
//查询ingress
ingress, err := clientset.ExtensionsV1beta1().Ingresses(<namespace>).Get(<ingress.Name>, meta_v1.GetOptions{})
//列出ingress
ingressList, err := clientset.ExtensionsV1beta1().Ingresses(<namespace>).List(&meta_v1.ListOptions{})
//watch ingress
watchInterface, err := clientset.ExtensionsV1beta1().Ingresses(<namespace>).Watch(&meta_v1.ListOptions{})
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//声明replicaSet对象
var replicaSet *v1beta1.ReplicaSet
//构造replicaSet对象
//创建replicaSet
replicaSet, err := clientset.ExtensionsV1beta1().ReplicaSets(<namespace>).Create(<replicaSet>)
//更新replicaSet
replicaSet, err := clientset.ExtensionsV1beta1().ReplicaSets(<namespace>).Update(<replicaSet>)
//删除replicaSet
err := clientset.ExtensionsV1beta1().ReplicaSets(<namespace>).Delete(<replicaSet.Name>, &meta_v1.DeleteOptions{})
//查询replicaSet
replicaSet, err := clientset.ExtensionsV1beta1().ReplicaSets(<namespace>).Get(<replicaSet.Name>, meta_v1.GetOptions{})
//列出replicaSet
replicaSetList, err := clientset.ExtensionsV1beta1().ReplicaSets(<namespace>).List(&meta_v1.ListOptions{})
//watch replicaSet
watchInterface, err := clientset.ExtensionsV1beta1().ReplicaSets(<namespace>).Watch(&meta_v1.ListOptions{})

新版的kubernetes中一般通过deployment来创建replicaSet,再通过replicaSet来控制pod。

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//声明pod对象
var pod *v1.Pod
//创建pod
pod, err := clientset.CoreV1().Pods(<namespace>).Create(<pod>)
//更新pod
pod, err := clientset.CoreV1().Pods(<namespace>).Update(<pod>)
//删除pod
err := clientset.CoreV1().Pods(<namespace>).Delete(<pod.Name>, &meta_v1.DeleteOptions{})
//查询pod
pod, err := clientset.CoreV1().Pods(<namespace>).Get(<pod.Name>, meta_v1.GetOptions{})
//列出pod
podList, err := clientset.CoreV1().Pods(<namespace>).List(&meta_v1.ListOptions{})
//watch pod
watchInterface, err := clientset.CoreV1().Pods(<namespace>).Watch(&meta_v1.ListOptions{})
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//声明statefulset对象
var statefulset *v1.StatefulSet
//创建statefulset
statefulset, err := clientset.AppsV1().StatefulSets(<namespace>).Create(<statefulset>)
//更新statefulset
statefulset, err := clientset.AppsV1().StatefulSets(<namespace>).Update(<statefulset>)
//删除statefulset
err := clientset.AppsV1().StatefulSets(<namespace>).Delete(<statefulset.Name>, &meta_v1.DeleteOptions{})
//查询statefulset
statefulset, err := clientset.AppsV1().StatefulSets(<namespace>).Get(<statefulset.Name>, meta_v1.GetOptions{})
//列出statefulset
statefulsetList, err := clientset.AppsV1().StatefulSets(<namespace>).List(&meta_v1.ListOptions{})
//watch statefulset
watchInterface, err := clientset.AppsV1().StatefulSets(<namespace>).Watch(&meta_v1.ListOptions{})

通过以上对kubernetes的资源对象的操作函数可以看出,每个资源对象都有增删改查等方法,基本调用逻辑类似。一般二次开发只需要创建deployment、service、ingress三个资源对象即可,pod对象由deployment包含的replicaSet来控制创建和删除。函数调用的入参一般只有NAMESPACEkubernetesObject两个参数,部分操作有Options的参数。在创建前,需要对资源对象构造数据,可以理解为编辑一个资源对象的yaml文件,然后通过kubectl create -f xxx.yaml来创建对象。

参考文档: